Economic substance requirements set out

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DETAILS of who will and will not come under the scope of new economic substance legislation have been set out at an industry seminar.

More than 160 members of the finance sector attended the event, hosted by law firm Carey Olsen, which set out details of the new requirements. Guernsey, along with other finance centres, is introducing the substance requirements to allay concerns raised by the EU Code of Conduct Group on Business Taxation around so-called profit shifting.

Carey Olsen senior associate Chris Hutley-Hurst explained that businesses considered to be conducting ‘relevant activities’ under the new requirements would be those from a banking, insurance, fund management, financing and leasing, headquartering, shipping, and distribution and service centres background.

‘However, even within that range of sectors and industries there will be entities that are not to be in scope of the new substance requirements,’ said Mr Hutley-Hurst.

‘Those out of scope entities will include the likes of limited partnerships, limited liability partnerships and trusts, although a general partner and a corporate trustee of a trust structure could be classed as in scope under certain circumstances. Similarly, it is expected that collective investment vehicles will not be in scope.’

Companies that are in scope will have to demonstrate for substance purposes that, in relation to ‘relevant activities’, they are directed and managed in Guernsey, that they have an adequate level of employees, expenditure and physical presence in the island and that their ‘core income-generating activity’ takes place in Guernsey.

A failure to comply with the new legislation could result in enforcement action including substantial penalties and, ultimately, strike-off.

The director of the revenue service will have new powers to enforce the legislation, including the power to enter premises and inspect documents, although the legislation expressly excludes from that power of inspection any documents that are legally privileged. What this means in practice is that advice from a law firm – in distinction to advice or support from other types of service providers in this area – remains confidential and protected from disclosure.

Mr Hutley-Hurst explained that detailed guidance was awaited on precisely how the new regime would be applied, including in relation to the requirements for adequate staff and physical presence in the island.


‘The test of adequacy is a question of fact and degree, taking into account all circumstances that are relevant to the company and the business that it operates. There will be no “one size fits all” test and differing businesses with differing profits will require differing levels of substance in the island.’

The event also heard from Carey Olsen partner Elaine Gray on the impact of the substance requirements on companies that derive their income from intellectual property and counsel Laila Arstall on the implications for asset and pure equity-holding companies.

As part of its screening process of Guernsey and other offshore centres, the EU Code of Conduct Group indicated that these types of company would be subjected to different levels of substance requirements from those that apply to companies conducting other types of relevant activities.

Mrs Arstall said Guernsey’s financial sector was well placed to meet the substance criteria set by the EU given the island’s robust legal and regulatory framework as well as its well-known commitment to meeting global standards of tax transparency.

Will Green

By Will Green
Business Editor


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