Care home costs set to rise
PEOPLE in care will have to pay more to ensure the private care market can survive.
Benefit rates will also rise under proposals by Employment & Social Security that come in the wake of care homes closing.
Even more changes on funding long-term care will have to be decided by the Assembly next term, with options including an equity release scheme on someone’s home with a suggested requirement to contribute £30,000 before being entitled to help.
‘Guernsey and Alderney care homes are an important part of social care provision and we need them. But we have recently seen two homes close, with no investors prepared to take them on as going concerns. That definitely tells a story,’ said committee president Deputy Michelle Le Clerc.
‘In recent years, the care homes have increasingly had to charge top-up fees, in addition to the basic co-payment from the individual and the benefits from the [Long-Term Care] Fund. This includes the not-for-profit homes. In fact, some of the not-for-profit homes are the ones that are finding it the hardest going.
‘We’re asking the States to agree increases in the long-term care benefit rates from October, instead of waiting for January, when benefit rates usually change. The increases are well above RPIX (being between 8.5% and 12.5%).’
If the States approves the proposals, the benefit rate for residential care will increase from £463.89 to £521 per week.
Residential with dementia care will increase from £611.24 to £681 per week.
And nursing care will increase from £866.11 to £940 per week.
The co-payment, which is the minimum that must be paid by the person in care, will increase by £20 to £229.37 per week.
ESS is proposing that it should increase further over the next two years to be £280 by 2023.
‘We’ve agreed with the Policy & Resources Committee that the measures necessary to make the Long-term Care Fund sustainable – and the Guernsey Insurance Fund for that matter – must be included within the overall review of taxation and the recovery from Covid-19 Revive and Thrive strategy.
‘I’m a bit disappointed that we have not been able to finish the States term with firm proposals for the financial sustainability. We’ve done a lot of work and have identified the main options. This work will have to be taken forward by the new Assembly, and the decisions will not be easy.
‘If the solution is to be on the same basis as now, and addressed just by increasing the contribution rate, the current rates of 1.8% for people under pensionable age will have to increase by 0.9% for the current scope of long-term care benefits. If we extend the scheme to cover care in your own home, which in principle we think we should, it adds a further 0.4%.
‘So contributions might need to increase by 1.3%. Although it looks like a small figure, it would mean people paying 70% more than they do now in long-term care contributions.
‘If we rely only on contributions, it places a heavy weight on our younger contributors who may be decades away from the time when them needing long-term care becomes more likely. So our policy letter does identify alternative ways of funding.’
These include the option of requiring some contribution from assets, whether that is savings or property.
‘We’re very conscious that the scheme was originally set up on the understanding that it would not require a person’s former home to be sold to pay for care.
‘Our policy letter recommends investigation of a States-run or supported equity release scheme so that people might make a contribution towards their care costs without actually selling their former home.
‘We use the example of perhaps paying the first £30,000 before being entitled to benefit from the fund. Such a system, which applies in Jersey, would still preserve nearly all of the capital value of the former home.’