UK car production fell to its lowest level since 1956 last year as output was hit by global shortages of semiconductor chips, new figures show.
A total of 775,014 cars were built in 2022, down 9.8% from the 859,575 made during the previous year, the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) said.
December rounded off a volatile 12 months, with output down 17.9% year on year, following growth in October and November.
The annual total for 2022 was 40.5% down on pre-coronavirus levels in 2019.
Volumes for the UK last year were up 9.4% compared with 2021, but this failed to offset a 14.0% decline in exports, with four out of five UK-built cars shipped overseas.
The SMMT said the global shortage of semiconductor chips limited the ability of car makers to build vehicles in line with demand.
Record levels of electrified vehicles were produced, with almost a third of all cars made fully electric or hybrid.
They were worth £10 billion in exports alone, according to the SMMT.
The industry body’s chief executive, Mike Hawes, said: “These figures reflect just how tough 2022 was for UK car manufacturing, though we still made more electric vehicles than ever before – high-value, cutting-edge models, in demand around the world.
“The potential for this sector to deliver economic growth by building more of these zero-emission models is self-evident; however, we must make the right decisions now.
“This means shaping a strategy to drive rapid upscaling of UK battery production and the shift to electric vehicles based on the UK automotive sector’s fundamental strengths – a highly skilled and flexible workforce, engineering excellence, technical innovation and productivity levels that are among the best in Europe.”
Electric car battery start-up Britishvolt collapsed last week with the loss of nearly 300 jobs.
It had plans to build a giga-factory in Northumberland but failed to raise enough funding.
A Government spokesperson said: “We are determined to ensure the UK remains one of the best locations in the world for automotive manufacturing.
“Our success is evidenced by the £1 billion investment in Sunderland in 2021, and we are building on this through a major investment programme to electrify our supply chain and create jobs.”