For the first time in 20 years, a Russian cosmonaut has rocketed from the US, launching to the International Space Station alongside Nasa and Japanese astronauts despite tensions over the war in Ukraine.
Their SpaceX flight was delayed by Hurricane Ian, which ripped across the state last week.
“I hope with this launch we will brighten up the skies over Florida a little bit for everyone,” said the Japan Space Agency’s Koichi Wakata, who is making his fifth spaceflight.
Joining him on a five-month mission are three new to space: Marine Col Nicole Mann, the first Native American woman bound for orbit; Navy Capt Josh Cassada; and Russia’s lone female cosmonaut, Anna Kikina.
They are due to arrive at the space station on Thursday, 29 hours after departing Nasa’s Kennedy Space Centre, and will not be back on Earth until March. They are replacing a US-Italian crew that arrived in April.
Ms Kikina is the Russian Space Agency’s exchange for Nasa’s Frank Rubio, who launched to the space station two weeks ago from Kazakhstan aboard a Soyuz rocket. He flew up with two cosmonauts.
The space agencies agreed over the summer to swap seats on their flights in order to ensure a continuous US and Russian presence aboard the 260-mile-high outpost. The barter was authorised even as global hostilities mounted over Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in late February. The next crew exchange is in the spring.
Shortly before lift-off, Nasa administrator Bill Nelson said that the key reason for the seat exchange is safety — in case an emergency forces one capsule’s crew home, there would still be an American and Russian on board.
Russia wants to build its own station in orbit later this decade, “but we know that it’s not going to happen very quick and so probably we will keep flying” with Nasa until then, he said.
Beginning with Mr Krikalev in 1994, Nasa started flying cosmonauts on its space shuttles, first to Russia’s Mir space station and then to the fledgling space station.
The 2003 Columbia re-entry disaster put an end to it. But US astronauts continued to hitch rides on Russian rockets for tens of millions of dollars per seat.
Ms Kikina is only the fifth Russian woman to rocket off the planet. She said she was surprised to be selected for the seat swap after encountering “many tests and obstacles” during her decade of training. “But I did it. I’m lucky maybe. I’m strong,” she said.
Col Mann is a member of the Wailacki of the Round Valley Indian Tribes in California, and taking up her mother’s dream catcher, a small traditional webbed hoop believed to offer protection.
Retired Nasa astronaut John Herrington of the Chickasaw Nation became the first Native American in space in 2002.
“I am very proud to represent Native Americans and my heritage,” Col Mann said before the flight, adding that everyone on her crew has a unique background.
“It’s important to celebrate our diversity and also realise how important it is when we collaborate and unite, the incredible accomplishments that we can have.”
As for the war in Ukraine, Col Mann said all four have put politics and personal beliefs aside, “and it’s really cool how the common mission of the space station just instantly unites us”.
Capt Cassada added: “We have an opportunity to be an example for society on how to work together and live together and explore together.”
Elon Musk’s SpaceX has now launched eight crews since 2020: six for Nasa and two private groups. Boeing, Nasa’s other contracted taxi service, plans to make its first astronaut flight early next year, after delays to fix software and other issues that cropped up on test flights.