Germany is preparing to host the biggest air deployment exercise in Nato’s history – a show of force intended to impress allies and potential adversaries such as Russia, officials said.
The Air Defender 23 exercise starting next week will see 10,000 participants and 250 aircraft from 25 nations respond to a simulated attack on a Nato member country.
The United States alone is sending 2,000 US Air National Guard personnel and about 100 aircraft to take part in the June 12-23 training manoeuvres.
US ambassador to Germany Amy Gutmann said: “This is an exercise that would be absolutely impressive to anybody who’s watching, and we don’t make anybody watch it.
“I would be pretty surprised if any world leader was not taking note of what this shows in terms of the spirit of this alliance, which means the strength of this alliance.
“And that includes Mr Putin,” she added, referring to Russian President Vladimir Putin.
While the drill has been planned for several years, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 has jolted Nato into preparing in earnest for the possibility of an attack on its territory.
Sweden, which is hoping to join the alliance, and Japan are also taking part in the exercise.
Lt Gen Ingo Gerhartz of the German air force, which is coordinating the exercise, said: “We are showing that Nato territory is our red line, that we are prepared to defend every centimetre of this territory.
Kalinigrad is a Russian exclave located on the Baltic Sea between Poland and Lithuania.
Lt Gen Michael A Loh, director of the US Air National Guard, said the exercise goes beyond deterrence.
“It’s about the readiness of our force. It’s about coordination, not just within NATO, but with our other allies and partners outside of Nato,” he said.
Lt Gen Loh said the exercise would be an opportunity for younger US airmen, many of whom mainly have experience serving in the Middle East, to build relationships with allies in Europe and prepare for a different military scenario.
“So this is about now establishing what it means to go against a great power, in a great power competition,” he said.
Authorities have said the drill will cause some disruption to civilian flights in Europe during the period.